Lenin Square, located in the Kalininsky district of St. Petersburg, is adjacent to the building of Finland Station
At the beginning of the XVIII century, the territory of the present square was called “the Wolf Field”. The rope and spinning yards, the Dutch brewery and working settlements were located here. The craftsmen of Bocharnaya Sloboda (the Barrel Quarter) made barrels for the brewery - the memory of this remained in the name of Bocharnaya Street (now Komsomol Street). The first stone houses appeared here at the beginning of the XIX century, the building of the Mikhailovsky Artillery Academy being one of them - now it houses the Military Artillery Academy.
In 1870, the Finland Station designed by architect P.S. Kupinsky was built, which led to the rapid development of the area of the future square. Apartment houses which housed offices, shops, taverns, a hotel and a pharmacy were built. In 1907 - 1908, an Art Nouveau building was constructed in the northern part of the square for the residential complex of employees of the Finland Railway. On one of its walls a mosaic composition “Man and Space” by the artist V.A. Anopova was created in the 1960s. In 1924, the square in front of Finland Station was renamed Lenin Square. On November 7, 1926, a monument to V.I.Lenin was open. In 1927, under the direction of the architect I.A. Fomin the work on the reconstruction of the square began.
In the 50s, the reconstructed building of the department store housed the House of Soviets of the Kalinin District and the Leningradsky Concert Hall. The building was decorated with massive double half-columns in the neoclassical style. The main element of the ensemble of Lenin Square was the new building of the Finland Station, built in 1955 - 1960. The building was decorated with a clock tower topped with a 300-meter steel spire.
Thus, today the square consists of two parts, divided by Komsomol Street: the southern part is facing the Neva, and in the center of it is a monument to V.I. Lenin, and the northern part is located on the side of the Finland Station (it faces the main facade of the old station building). In 1970, for the centenary of the birth of V.I. Lenin, a wide 150-meter descent to the Neva, decorated with terraces, semicircular viewing platforms was created on the south side of the square.
- Address: St. Petersburg, ploshad Lenina