The path of Alexander Nevsky

The beginning of the excursion route is in the center of St. Petersburg, where tourists will get acquainted with the history of the square, as well as visit the Holy Trinity Alexander Nevsky Lavra.  The route will end with a visit to the Church of Alexander Nevsky in Ust-Izhora.

The commander talent happily combined in Alexander Nevsky with political talent and outstanding diplomatic ability.  A wise and subtle combination of military and political efforts, multiplied by the art of diplomacy, saved Russia in a critical situation.  Alexander caught the deep current of history and, comprehending it, lived and acted as the fate of the Fatherland demanded.  But his first feat was the Battle of the Neva.

On July 15 (July 22, new style), 1240, the fearless young prince of Novgorod in a fierce battle on the Neva reversed the Swedish army that had moved into Russia.  This victory brought Alexander Yaroslavich the honorary nickname - Nevsky.

  • temples and cathedrals 1 ,
  • points of interest 1
19 km, 322 m
Saint Alexander Nevsky Lavra

Saint Alexander Nevsky Lavra

St. Petersburg, Monastyrka river embankment, 1

Alexander Nevsky Lavra is a male Orthodox monastery at the eastern end of Nevsky Prospekt.  The first and largest monastery in the city.  The site for the construction of the Alexander Nevsky Monastery was personally chosen by Emperor Peter I in 1710; it was previously assumed that it was here in 1240 that Alexander Nevsky defeated the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.  And already in 1713, according to the project of D. Trezzini, the first wooden Annunciation Church of the future monastery was laid.  There are several famous cemeteries on the territory of the Alexander Nevsky Lavra, where members of the imperial family, state and public figures, representatives of culture and art are buried.

 In 1723, Peter I ordered to transfer the relics of Prince Alexander Nevsky from the city of Vladimir to a new monastery, they arrived in St. Petersburg in 1724, and a new holiday of the Bringing of the relics of the blessed Prince Alexander appeared in the calendar of the Russian Church.  Saint Alexander Nevsky is one of the patrons of St. Petersburg, along with Peter I.

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The route "The Path of Alexander Nevsky" is not only dedicated to the memorable places of those events, but also shows continuity in the sacred cause of defending the Motherland.  Obukhovsky factory, which produced guns for the Russian army and navy, serves as a reminder of the strategic importance of the Neva lands for the state.

8 km, 2 m
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Alexander acted not so much by force as by conviction.  With righteousness and wisdom, he attracted the Finno-Ugric tribes living on the Neva banks to his side.

Pelgusiy (baptized Philip) is an elder of the small Finnish Izhora tribe, known from the Novgorod and Sophia annals.  Izhors participated in the defense of the Novgorod region as a "coast guard".  One day at dawn on a July day, while on patrol, he saw Swedish warships marching on the Neva to the mouth of Izhora.  There the Swedes apparently decided to make a stop.  Pelgusiy, "having seen the strength of the warriors," hastily arrived in Novgorod and informed the prince of the impending danger.  His compatriots at this time continued to conduct active reconnaissance, and then, under the leadership of their elder, participated in the defeat of the 5-thousandth detachment of the Swedes in the Battle of the Neva.

Pelgusiy is a Russified Finno-Ugric name.  In the Izhorian language, "Pelgo" (Finnish pronunciation of "Pelkko") means "God-fearing."  The Life of Saint Alexander Nevsky describes the "Vision of Pelgusiy".

The oldest and most reliable story about this event was preserved in the first edition of the Life of Alexander Nevsky, written in the 80s of the XIII century by a monk of the Vladimir monastery of the Nativity of the Virgin.  Its possible source is the oral stories of eyewitnesses to the life and exploits of Prince Alexander Yaroslavich and his warriors.

Carrying out patrol on the coast of the Neva, that is, on the site of the future St. Petersburg, Pelgusiy experienced a miraculous revelation.  Saints Boris and Gleb appeared to him in a boat, announcing that they were going to help "their relative Alexander."

5 km, 814 m
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The Church of St. Alexander Nevsky in Ust-Izhora is located on the old Shlisselburg tract near the confluence of the Izhora river into the Neva.  According to the life of Alexander Nevsky, in 1240 many enemies died  during the Battle of the Neva at about this place.  It is interesting that this happened behind Izhora, away from the main place of hostilities, where the “Alexander's regiments” could not pass.

Nowadays, scientists have different assessments of the scope and significance of the Russian Neva victory in 1240.  It is possible that there were not many Swedes, and this particular departure was of a reconnaissance nature and did not set itself the goal of a quick and complete conquest of the "river and the entire Novgorod region."  But the fact that the Swedes took bishops with them (that were, at least two, while there were six of them in the whole of Sweden) suggests that they were planning some large-scale action, an important link of which was the landing in the area of ​​present-day Ust-Izhora.  At the same time, Alexander Nevsky, of course, showed himself to be a talented commander.

Novgorodians also appreciated the significance of this battle.  The capacious message of the Novgorod chronicle contains the exact date of the battle (July 15), an indication of the number of victims, the names of some of them and the names of the main Novgorod heroes.  This is how very important battles were described in the Novgorod chronicle.  At the same time, the Novgorod scribe linked the victory with the help of Boris and Gleb themselves, the first Russian saints, very revered in Russia, who were mentioned only in exceptional cases.

In 1711-12 in Ust-Izhora, on the site of the present church of Alexander Nevsky, Peter I erected a memorial wooden chapel of the same name.  In 1726 the chapel burned down, in 1730 it was rebuilt, but in 1797 it burned down again, this time from a lightning strike.  In 1798-1799, the temple was rebuilt, this time in stone, at the expense of local residents.

In 1835-1836, the temple was rebuilt according to the project of the architect Gromov;  a new bell tower was erected.  In 1842, a stone chapel and a stone fence appeared next to the temple.  However, the population in the village increased, and soon the temple could no longer accommodate it.  Therefore, in the years 1874-1875, according to the project of the architect Shurupov, two side chapels were added - St. Nicholas the Wonderworker and John the Baptist, and the dome was enlarged.  At the same time, the main chapel was also expanded.

In 1934 the church was closed;  it housed warehouses.  During the war, the bell tower was destroyed by a shell.  In 1887-1990, the church was rebuilt in its former form and transferred to the church.  However, the paintings of the 19th century that did not survive the war were irretrievably lost.  Now, if you're lucky, you can ask the rector's blessing and climb the bell tower to admire the picturesque views of the Neva and the surrounding greenery.

The temple, as in previous times, is the architectural and high-rise accent of the Shlisselburg highway at the mouth of the Izhora river.  In the 2000s, two monuments to Alexander Nevsky appeared next to it - a memorial sign-chapel with a bronze bust of the prince (2002) and a separate monument to the commander on the coastal slope (2003).

 

4 km, 308 m
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